Genetically engineered crops experiences and prospects pdf
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- National Academies issue report, “Genetically Engineered Crops: Experiences and Prospects”
- Genetically modified (GM) plants: questions and answers
- Genetically Engineered Crops: Experiences and Prospects
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National Academies issue report, “Genetically Engineered Crops: Experiences and Prospects”
Genetically modified crops GM crops are plants used in agriculture , the DNA of which has been modified using genetic engineering methods. Plant genomes can be engineered by physical methods or by use of Agrobacterium for the delivery of sequences hosted in T-DNA binary vectors. In most cases, the aim is to introduce a new trait to the plant which does not occur naturally in the species. Examples in food crops include resistance to certain pests, diseases, environmental conditions, reduction of spoilage, resistance to chemical treatments e. Examples in non-food crops include production of pharmaceutical agents , biofuels , and other industrially useful goods, as well as for bioremediation.
Genetically modified (GM) plants: questions and answers
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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine NASEM publishes numerous reports each year that are received with high esteem by the scientific community and public policy makers. The NASEM has internal standards for selecting committee members that author its reports, mostly from academia, and vetting conflicts of interest. This study examines whether there were any financial conflicts of interest COIs among the twenty invited committee members who wrote the report on genetically engineered GE crops. Our results showed that six panel members had one or more reportable financial COIs, none of which were disclosed in the report. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Data Availability: The data are all available online by links given in the paper in Table 2. Funding: The authors acknowledge the Committee on Faculty Research Awards, Tufts University for their grant to fund the publication of this paper.
Genetically Engineered Crops: Experiences and Prospects
The National Academies the collected group of the National Academies of Medicine, Engineering and Sciences are an independent body that provides advice to the government, but does not hold law-making powers. The report was commissioned to examine the evidence behind some of the claims made about GE crops, both those that claim great benefits and those that claim great risks, and it was sponsored by the Burroughs Wellcome Fund, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, the New Venture Fund, and the U. Department of Agriculture, with additional support from the National Academy of Sciences.
The debate about genetically engineered GE crops has become increasingly polarized in the United States, Europe, and some developing countries. The debate polarization has not been resolved in and by the complex and seemingly divergent literature that examines the impacts of the actual and potential adoption and commercialization of GE crops in industrialized and non-industrialized countries. To better understand the rich literature accumulated over the past twenty years, the National Academies of Sciences, Medicine and Engineering NAS established a committee of experts to compile existing questions and issues from the public, collect and assess existing evidence and draw a set of findings, conclusions and recommendations to help the public and policy makers understand better the complex landscape. The NAS Committee objective was to review the accumulated literature to better assess the purported positive and negative impacts of GE crops, as well as the institutional framework in which these technologies have been released. The analysis also included assessing the potential role that emerging genetically engineered technologies will play on future crop improvement efforts and their impact on long term goals such as food security.
An extensive study by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine has found that new technologies in genetic engineering and conventional breeding are blurring the once clear distinctions between these two crop-improvement approaches.