Emotional disorders and metacognition pdf

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emotional disorders and metacognition pdf

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The present study examines a simple model for the relationship between temperament, anxiety and maladaptive metacognition. Three temperament traits were included in the hypothesized model: emotional reactivity, perseveration and briskness. A structural equation modeling analysis supported a model in which the relationship between the three temperament traits and anxiety were fully mediated by metacognition.

Metacognition is " cognition about cognition", " thinking about thinking", " knowing about knowing", becoming "aware of one's awareness " and higher-order thinking skills. The term comes from the root word meta , meaning "beyond", or "on top of". Metamemory , defined as knowing about memory and mnemonic strategies, is an especially important form of metacognition. This higher-level cognition was given the label metacognition by American developmental psychologist John H.

Emotional Disorders and Metacognition: Innovative Cognitive Therapy

Anxiety and depression are common among patients with chronic physical illnesses and have a significant impact on morbidity, quality of life, and health service utilisation. Psychological treatment of anxiety and depression has small to moderate efficacy in this group and is not commonly based on a model of causal mechanisms. A novel approach to understanding and improving mental health outcomes in physical illnesses is needed. One approach may be to explore the role of metacognitive beliefs which are reliably associated with anxiety and depression in individuals with mental health difficulties. The current systematic review aimed to evaluate the contribution of metacognitive beliefs to anxiety and depression across physical illnesses. Metacognitive beliefs were found to have reliable, moderate, positive and significant associations with anxiety and depression symptoms across a range of physical illnesses. There appeared to be commonality and some specificity in the relationships.

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Wells Published Psychology. List of Figures. List of Tables. About the Author.


Affective dysregulation and psychotic experiences or symptoms often co-occur in the general population as well as in bipolar and psychotic disorders, suggesting a complex interplay. Early trauma is hypothesised to be important for the aetiology of both, and individuals with early traumatic experiences often develop disorders characterised by an admixture of affective and psychotic symptoms. Early emotional abuse seems to be particularly relevant for both disorders. Studies of common factors associated with affective dysregulation and psychosis in bipolar and psychotic disorders could help further theoretical understanding and tailor therapeutic interventions. Metacognitive beliefs — beliefs that outline the importance or consequence of thoughts — have been proposed as one possible common factor. Compared to healthy controls, patients with affective or psychotic disorders hold higher levels of metacognitive beliefs that could be maladaptive.

While metacognitive interventions are gaining attention in the treatment of various mental disorders, a review of the literature showed that the term is often defined poorly and used for a variety of psychotherapeutic approaches that do not necessarily pursue the same goal. We give a summary of three metacognitive interventions which were developed within a sound theoretical framework—metacognitive therapy, metacognitive training, and metacognitively-oriented integrative psychotherapies—and discuss their similarities and distinctive features. They aim to alleviate disorder-specific and individual symptoms by gaining more flexibility in cognitive processing. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution. Andreou, C. Letter to the Editor: Metacognitive training and metacognitive therapy. A reply to Lora Capobianco and Adrian Wells.

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Temperament and Anxiety: The Mediating Role of Metacognition

Haynes ManualsThe Haynes Author : Adrian Wells Description:The clinical experience of cognitive therapies is adding to the understanding of emotional disorders. Based on clinical experience and evidence, this groundbreaking book represents a development of cognitive therapy through the concept of metacognition.

Thank you for visiting nature. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. Importantly, abnormal confidence judgments that do not reflect reality may play a crucial role in pathological decision-making typically seen in psychiatric disorders.

Emotional disorders and metacognition: innovative cognitive therapy [1ed.]9780471491682, 0471491683

Yafteh Lorestan University of Medical Sciences. Remember me Create Account Reset Password. The relationship between metacognitive beliefs and anxiety and depression disorder. Faculty of education and Psychology,Khorramabad, Iran. Background : Metacognitive beliefs interact with emotional disorders and this matter can be used in educational programs and psychological interventions.

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Request PDF | Emotional Disorders and Metacognition: Innovative Cognitive Therapy | The clinical experience of cognitive therapies is adding to the.


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