Race between education and technology pdf
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- The Race Between Education And Technology Books
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The Race Between Education And Technology Books
The Race Between Education and Technology. This book provides a careful historical analysis of the co-evolution of educational attainment and the wage structure in the United States through the twentieth century. The authors propose that the twentieth century was not only the American Century but also the Human Capital Century. That is, the American educational system is what made America the richest nation in the world.
Its educational system had always been less elite than that of most European nations. By the U. The book argues that technological change, education, and inequality have been involved in a kind of race.
During the first eight decades of the twentieth century, the increase of educated workers was higher than the demand for them. This had the effect of boosting income for most people and lowering inequality. However, the reverse has been true since about This educational slowdown was accompanied by rising inequality.
The authors discuss the complex reasons for this, and what might be done to ameliorate it.
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Using a unique set of data drawn from the US census, statistics, city directories, and other sources, the author looks at the differences between men and women in the US labour force. Today, more American women than ever before stay in the workforce into their sixties and seventies. This trend emerged in the s, and has persisted during the past three decades, despite substantial changes in macroeconomic conditions. Why is t One of the most comprehensive analyses of the spread of the American educational system throughout the 20th century. Throughout the century, technological changes increased the relative demand for skilled labor, while the rapid expansion of first high schools and then higher education simultaneously increased the relative supply of skilled labor. Goldin and Katz carefully examine the historical and economic forces behind this expansion in education, extracting crucial evidence from the remarkable Iowa State Census of , and they argue very plausibly that the relative demand for skilled labor grew at a fairly constant rate over the century.
The framework involves secular increases in the demand for more-educated workers from skill-biased technological change, combined with variations in the supply of skills from changes in educational access. We expand the analysis backward and forward. The framework helps explain rising skill differentials in the nineteenth and twenty-first centuries but needs to be augmented to illuminate the recent convexification of education returns and implied slowdown in the growth of the relative demand for college workers. Bibliographic data for series maintained by Michael P. Is your work missing from RePEc? Here is how to contribute. Questions or problems?
Data and Code for: Extending the Race between Education and Technology
The Race Between Education and Technology. This book provides a careful historical analysis of the co-evolution of educational attainment and the wage structure in the United States through the twentieth century. The authors propose that the twentieth century was not only the American Century but also the Human Capital Century.
By Phillip Brown , Ewart Keep. Experts differ widely in their predictions about how technological innovation will change the labor market, but they all see a need for changes in education. Technological innovation is changing the nature of many jobs and the qualifications employers seek in their workers, convincing more young people to pursue a college education and other postsecondary credentials—at least according to the conventional wisdom among public policy experts. This view of skill-biased technological change has been described as a race between education and technology.