Principles of growth and development pdf

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principles of growth and development pdf

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Principles of Human Growth and Development

Growth and development are inseparable but they differ from each other. The growth represents the physical changes of an individual and development represents the overall changes, structure and shape of an individual. Knowledge of the growth and development at the various stage is very essential for the teacher.

The teacher has to stimulate the growth and development of a child. He can do it only if he has proper knowledge of the growth and development at various stage. Growth terms represent a purely physical sense of a person, i. Growth is quantitive in nature. It starts with conception but ends at some particular age. Development implies the overall change in shape, form or structure, along with the function of the organ. Development is both quantitative and qualitative in nature. It is a continuous process starting from the Womb and end with the tomb.

The development follows the principle of continuity which means that development is a continuous process. It starts with pre-natal and ends with death. Development thus involves a movement from the whole to parts and from parts to the whole and this way it is the integration of the whole and its parts as well as the specific and general responses.

It enables a child to develop satisfactorily in relation to various aspects or dimension of his personality. Example: Child first starts to learn hand movement then finger movement and then learn the movement of both hand and finger together this is called integration.

Development through the continuous process, but does not exhibit steadiness and uniformity in terms of the rate of development in various development of personality or in the developmental periods and stage of life. Example: A person may have a high rate of growth and development in term of height and weight but may not have the same pace of mental and social development.

Every organism is a distinct creation in itself. One of the most important principles of development is that involves individual differences. There is no fixed rate of development. That all children will learn to walk is universal, but the time at which each child takes his her first step may vary.

Although develop does not proceed at a uniform rate and shows marked individual differences with regard to the process and outcome of various stages of development, yet it follows a definite pattern in one or the other dimension which is uniform and universal with respect to the individual of a species. While developing in relation to any aspect of personality. The child first pickup or exhibit general response and learn how to show specific and goal-directed responses afterwards.

Development of a child is a process that cannot be defined wholly based on either on heredity or environment. Both have to play an important role in development. There are arguments in favour of both. However, most of the psychologist agree that an interplay o these two factors leads to development. Where heredity decides or set some limits on development mostly physical , environmental influences complete the developmental process qualitative.

Environmental influences provide space for multidimensional development through interaction with family, peers, society and so on. Growth and development is a joint product of heredity and environment. What is achieved or not achieved in on or other dimensions in the course of the gradual and continuous process of the development surely affects the development of other dimensions? A healthy body tends to develop a healthy mind and an emotionally stable, physically strong and socially conscious personality.

Inadequate physical or mental development may, on the other hand, result in a socially or emotionally maladjusted personality. Development proceeds in the direction of the longitudinal axis.

Development from head to foot or toe. That is why, before it becomes able to stand, the child first gains control over his head and arms and then on his legs. Development of motor skills to start at central body parts to outwards. That is why, in the beginning, the child is seen to exercise control over the large fundamental muscles of the arm and then hand and only afterwards over the smaller muscles of the fingers.

Development is predictable, which means that with the help of the uniformity of pattern and sequence of development. We can go to a great extent, forecast the general nature and behaviour of a child in one or more aspects or dimension at any particular stage of its growth and development. We can know the particular age at which children will learn to walk, speak and so on. After the child had developed to a certain level, there is likely to be a period of rest for consolidation of the developmental progress achieved till then.

In advancing further, therefore, the development turn back and then moves forward again in a spiral pattern. Biological growth and development are known as maturation. Biological changes involve changes in the brain and the nervous system, which provide new abilities to a child. Development proceeds from simple to complex. In the beginning, a child learns through concrete objects and gradually moves to abstract thinking.

This transition happens because of maturation. Growth and development interchangeably use, Growth is required for development and we can conclude from the above point, the principles of growth and development very essential for the teacher to develop curriculum according to the needs and ability of a child. The knowledge of the above —mentioned principles of growth and development may prove beneficial to us in a number of ways describe below:. A teacher found that a student is facing difficulty in drawing a square.

Human development is based on certain principles. Which of the following is not a principle of human development? Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Automated page speed optimizations for fast site performance.

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Three Principles to Improve Outcomes for Children and Families

They tend to follow certain principles underlie certain process of development, which can be observed in all human being. These principles or characteristics describe typical development as a predictable and orderly process; that is, we can predict how most children will The head region starts growth at first, following by which other organs starts developing. Principle of spiral Vs. According to this principle, the child gains control of the head first, then the arms, and then the legs. Then what? Sequential Development 4. In infancy, for example, a persistent lack of responsive care results in the infant experiencing chronic stress that may negatively impact brain development and may delay or impair the development of essential systems and abilities, including thinking, learning, and memory, as well as the immune system and the ability to cope with stress.

This article throws light upon the ten important principles of human growth and development. The principles are: 1. Development is Continuous 2. Development is Gradual 3. Development is Sequential 4.

Principles of Growth and Development of Children-B.Ed Notes

Growth and development are inseparable but they differ from each other. The growth represents the physical changes of an individual and development represents the overall changes, structure and shape of an individual. Knowledge of the growth and development at the various stage is very essential for the teacher.

Do you get confused with stages of human growth and development? What do you do first? You probably answered these questions the same way that most others would: First, you sort your laundry into loads of lights and darks, next are the steps to wash and dry, and last, you put the laundry away.

I. THE PRINCIPLES OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

Growth and development are inseparable but they differ from each other. The growth represents the physical changes of an individual and development represents the overall changes, structure and shape of an individual. Knowledge of the growth and development at the various stage is very essential for the teacher.

Introduction An understanding of the nature and principles of growth and development is very essential for the realization of the aim of education i. He can do it only if he has a thorough knowledge of growth and development at various stages. Meaning of Growth Growth term is used in purely physical sense. It generally refers to an increase in size, length, height and weight.


pattern and process of growth and development. These principles or characteristics describe typical development as a predictable and orderly process; that is.


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