Social capital and community development pdf
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Social Capital in Community Development
Social capital means the set of norms, institutions and organizations that promote trust and cooperation among persons in communities and also in wider society. In those formulations of the social capital paradigm and of the neoinstitutional economics on which they are partly based ; which focus on its collective manifestations, it is claimed that stable relationships based on trust and cooperation can reduce transaction costs, produce public goods and facilitate the constitution of social actors and even of sound civil societies. Community social capital is a particular form of social capital which comprises the informal content of institutions that aim to contribute to the common good. Even some of the foundational authors of the social capital paradigm have doubts about the feasibility of creating such capital in groups where it does not already exist. The peasant communities of Chiquimula Guatemala ; covered by the anti-poverty "Support Project for Small-scale Producers of Zacapa and Chiquimula" PROZACHI ; displayed a relatively individualistic culture of dependence and domination yet at the same time had a broad and dynamic repertoire of various norms, including some which could serve as a symbolic support for solidary and reciprocal practices.
James DeFilippis 18 Estimated H-index: View Paper. Add to Collection. Abstract This article argues that contemporary interest in social capital by community development theorists, funders, and practitioners is misguided and needs to be thoroughly rethought. It argues that social capital, as understood by Robert Putnam and people influenced by his work, is a fundamentally flawed concept because it fails to understand issues of power in the production of communities and because it is divorced from economic capital. Therefore, community development practice based on this understanding of social capital is, and will continue to be, similarly flawed.
Social capital is "the networks of relationships among people who live and work in a particular society, enabling that society to function effectively". Social capital is a measure of the value of resources, both tangible e. It is generally seen as a form of capital that produces public goods for a common purpose. Social capital has been used to explain the improved performance of diverse groups, the growth of entrepreneurial firms, superior managerial performance, enhanced supply chain relations, the value derived from strategic alliances , and the evolution of communities. The term social capital was in intermittent use from about , before becoming widely used in the late s. They observed a breakdown of traditional bonds and the progressive development of anomie and alienation in society.
Social capital is increasingly used in the field of community development and the social economy. This article describes some of the results to emerge from a three-year research project CONSCISE Project , which looked at the contribution social capital can make to the social economy within local economic development. Following the definition of social capital, the article examines how it can be assessed and then goes on to list the main findings on the significance of social capital in the understanding of the social economy and community development. It concludes with a number of policy implications on how social capital can be used within the context of community development. Most users should sign in with their email address.
In the last three decades, various concepts and strategies have been developed to address social determinants of health. This paper brings together the different focuses of health promotion, and demonstrates that effective health intervention programs need to be conducted at multiple levels and fronts. Specifically, based on the evaluation of KidsFirst, an early childhood intervention program in Saskatchewan, Canada, this paper presents the program practices effective in enhancing the social capital and social cohesion at the community and institutional levels. The findings fall into three interconnected areas: strengthening community fabric; building institutional social capital and bonding, linking and bridging. KidsFirst has brought the community together through conducting broad and targeted community consultations, and developing partnerships and collaborative relationships in an open and transparent manner.
Боль в боку немного утихла, да и глаза как будто обрели прежнюю зоркость. Он немного постоял, наслаждаясь ярким солнцем и тонким ароматом цветущих апельсиновых деревьев, а потом медленно зашагал к выходу на площадь. В этот момент рядом резко притормозил мини-автобус. Из него выпрыгнули двое мужчин, оба молодые, в военной форме. Они приближались к Беккеру с неумолимостью хорошо отлаженных механизмов.
Social Capital in Community Development
Он ослабил узел галстука и рухнул на стул у ближайшего свободного столика. Казалось, что с той минуты, когда рано утром ему позвонил Стратмор, прошла целая вечность. Сдвинув в сторону пустые пивные бутылки, Беккер устало опустил голову на руки. Мне нужно передохнуть хотя бы несколько минут, - подумал .
Она подняла голову. Глаза ее были полны слез. - Прости меня, Дэвид, - прошептала .
От неожиданности Сьюзан застыла на месте. Она была уверена, что никогда не говорила с шефом о поездке. Она повернулась. Неужели АНБ прослушивает мои телефонные разговоры.