Frankfurt freedom of the will and the concept of a person pdf

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frankfurt freedom of the will and the concept of a person pdf

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What Is a Person?

Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person

Questions concerning the nature and existence of this kind of control e. We cannot undertake here a review of related discussions in other philosophical traditions. For a start, the reader may consult Marchal and Wenzel and Chakrabarti for overviews of thought on free will, broadly construed, in Chinese and Indian philosophical traditions, respectively. In this way, it should be clear that disputes about free will ineluctably involve disputes about metaphysics and ethics. In ferreting out the kind of control involved in free will, we are forced to consider questions about among others causation, laws of nature, time, substance, ontological reduction vs emergence, the relationship of causal and reasons-based explanations, the nature of motivation and more generally of human persons. In assessing the significance of free will, we are forced to consider questions about among others rightness and wrongness, good and evil, virtue and vice, blame and praise, reward and punishment, and desert. The topic of free will also gives rise to purely empirical questions that are beginning to be explored in the human sciences: do we have it, and to what degree?

Problem of moral responsibility

The image we get of incontinence from Aristotle, Aquinas, and Hare is of a battle or struggle between two contestants. Each contestant is armed with his argument or principle. There is, however, a competing image to be found in Plato, as well as in Butler and many others. Here there are three actors on the stage: reason, desire, and the one who lets desire get the upper hand. It is up to The Will to decide who wins the battle. If The Will is strong, he gives the palm to reason; if he is weak, he may allow pleasure or passion the upper hand. This second image is, I suggest, superior to the first, absurd as we may find both.

This article describes the contours of contemporary free will debates and provides an overview of the topics in this volume. It considers the following issues: free will and conflicting views about persons; the determinist question and modern science; the compatibility question and arguments for incompatibilism; classical compatibilism; moral responsibility and alternative possibilities; new compatibilist approaches to freedom and responsibility; libertarian or incompatibilist theories of free will; hard determinism, successor views, and other nonstandard theories; neuroscience and free will; and theological determinism and fatalism. Keywords: incompatibilism , compatibilism , moral responsibility , freedom , responsibility , determinism , neuroscience , fatalism. There is a disputation [that will continue] till mankind is raised from the dead, between the Necessitarians and the partisans of Free Will. Indeed, debates about free will have become more voluminous in the past century, especially in the latter half of it—so much so that it has become difficult to keep up with the latest developments. This handbook was compiled as a remedy in the form of a sourcebook or guide to current work on free will and related subjects for those who wish to keep up with the latest research.

To learn more about what is and is not considered philosophy for the purposes of this subreddit, see our FAQ. Posts must be about philosophy proper, rather than only tangentially connected to philosophy. Exceptions are made only for posts about philosophers with substantive content, e. Posts must not only have a philosophical subject matter, but must also present this subject matter in a developed manner. At a minimum, this includes: stating the problem being addressed; stating the thesis; stating how the thesis contributes to the problem; outlining some alternative answers to the same problem; saying something about why the stated thesis is preferable to the alternatives; anticipating some objections to the stated thesis and giving responses to them. These are just the minimum requirements. Posts about well-trod issues e.

Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person. Author(s): Harry G. Frankfurt. Source: The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 68, No. 1 (Jan. 14, ), pp.

On the Concept of Personhood: A Comparative Analysis of Three Accounts

Sign in Create an account. Syntax Advanced Search. Freedom of the will and the concept of a person. Harry G.

Free will is the ability to choose between different possible courses of action unimpeded. Free will is closely linked to the concepts of moral responsibility , praise , guilt , sin , and other judgements which apply only to actions that are freely chosen. It is also connected with the concepts of advice , persuasion , deliberation , and prohibition. Traditionally, only actions that are freely willed are seen as deserving credit or blame. Whether free will exists, what it is and the implications of whether it exists or not are some of the longest running debates of philosophy and religion.


In order to get a clearer view on the relationship between mental disorder and a loss of freedom, in this article, I will explore the link between mental disorder and free will.


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