Structure and function of female reproductive system pdf

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structure and function of female reproductive system pdf

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The uterus is a secondary sex organ. Secondary sex organs are components of the reproductive tract that mature during puberty under the influence of sex hormones produced from primary sex organs the ovaries in females and the testes in males.

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The ovary is an organ found in the female reproductive system that produces an ovum. When released, this travels down the fallopian tube into the uterus , where it may become fertilized by a sperm. The ovaries also secrete hormones that play a role in the menstrual cycle and fertility. The ovary progresses through many stages beginning in the prenatal period through menopause. It is also an endocrine gland because of the various hormones that it secretes. The ovaries are considered the female gonads. The ovarian fossa is the region that is bounded by the external iliac artery and in front of the ureter and the internal iliac artery.

Female reproductive system

If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don't have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library's reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus. Please consult the latest official manual style if you have any questions regarding the format accuracy. Disorders of the female reproductive system can occur as a result of disease in one of the many reproductive organs: the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the uterus, the cervix, the vagina, or the breast. During the reproductive years, these disorders often present as altered menstruation , pelvic pain , or infertility. Cancers arising in these tissues occur more often in the late reproductive or menopausal years.


This system is extremely complex and requires very precise timing of all its integral parts to be able to produce a take-home baby. In addition, the.


Human reproductive system

These parts are internal; the vagina meets the external organs at the vulva, which includes the labia, clitoris, and urethra. The vagina is attached to the uterus through the cervix, while the uterus is attached to the ovaries via the fallopian tubes. At certain intervals, the ovaries release an ovum, which passes through the fallopian tube into the uterus.

The information below was adapted from OpenStax Biology Sperm are small, mobile, low-cost cells that occur in high numbers. Eggs are large cells that require a substantial investment of time and energy to form, are non-mobile, and are rare relative to sperm numbers. For our purposes, all sexual reproducers have females with ovaries that produce large eggs, which subsequently travel down a uterine tube, and males with testes that produce small, plenteous sperm, stored in an epididymus.

Introduction to the Reproductive System

The female reproductive system is made up of the internal and external sex organs that function in reproduction of new offspring. In humans, the female reproductive system is immature at birth and develops to maturity at puberty to be able to produce gametes , and to carry a foetus to full term. The internal sex organs are the uterus , Fallopian tubes , and ovaries. The uterus or womb accommodates the embryo which develops into the foetus. The uterus also produces vaginal and uterine secretions which help the transit of sperm to the Fallopian tubes.

The female reproductive system includes the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva, mammary glands and breasts. These organs are involved in the production and transportation of gametes and the production of sex hormones. The female reproductive system also facilitates the fertilization of ova by sperm and supports the development of offspring during pregnancy and infancy. The ovaries are a pair of small glands about the size and shape of almonds, located on the left and right sides of the pelvic body cavity lateral to the superior portion of the uterus. Each month during ovulation, a mature ovum is released. The ovum travels from the ovary to the fallopian tube, where it may be fertilized before reaching the uterus.

Human reproductive system , organ system by which humans reproduce and bear live offspring. Provided all organs are present, normally constructed, and functioning properly, the essential features of human reproduction are 1 liberation of an ovum , or egg , at a specific time in the reproductive cycle, 2 internal fertilization of the ovum by spermatozoa, or sperm cells, 3 transport of the fertilized ovum to the uterus , or womb, 4 implantation of the blastocyst, the early embryo developed from the fertilized ovum, in the wall of the uterus, 5 formation of a placenta and maintenance of the unborn child during the entire period of gestation , 6 birth of the child and expulsion of the placenta, and 7 suckling and care of the child, with an eventual return of the maternal organs to virtually their original state. For this biological process to be carried out, certain organs and structures are required in both the male and the female. The source of the ova the female germ cells is the female ovary ; that of spermatozoa the male germ cells is the testis. In females, the two ovaries are situated in the pelvic cavity; in males, the two testes are enveloped in a sac of skin, the scrotum , lying below and outside the abdomen. Besides producing the germ cells, or gametes , the ovaries and testes are the source of hormones that cause full development of secondary sexual characteristics and also the proper functioning of the reproductive tracts. These tracts comprise the fallopian tubes , the uterus , the vagina , and associated structures in females and the penis , the sperm channels epididymis, ductus deferens , and ejaculatory ducts , and other related structures and glands in males.

Ovaries: Facts, Function & Disease

Development of the reproductive organs

Ovaries are the female gonads — the primary female reproductive organs. These glands have three important functions: they secrete hormones, they protect the eggs a female is born with and they release eggs for possible fertilization. Human females are typically born with two ovaries stemming from the uterus. Before puberty, ovaries are just long bundles of tissue. As the female matures, so do her ovaries.

 Ненадолго, - буркнул Хейл. - Не зарекайся. - Я серьезно. Рано или поздно я отсюда смоюсь. - Я этого не переживу. В этот момент Сьюзан поймала себя на том, что готова взвалить на Хейла вину за все свои неприятности. За Цифровую крепость, волнения из-за Дэвида, зато, что не поехала в Смоуки-Маунтинс, - хотя он был ко всему этому не причастен.

Сьюзан поднялась на верхнюю ступеньку лестницы. Она не успела постучать, как заверещал электронный дверной замок. Дверь открылась, и коммандер помахал ей рукой. - Спасибо, что пришла, Сьюзан. Я тебе очень благодарен. - Не стоит благодарности.  - Она улыбнулась и села напротив шефа.

Female Reproductive System

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