Types of computer viruses and what they do pdf

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types of computer viruses and what they do pdf

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A computer virus is a malicious piece of computer code designed to spread from device to device. A subset of malware, these self-copying threats are usually designed to damage a device or steal data.

What is a Computer Virus and its Types

The dangers of malware are something you can't put lightly. After all, there is around , new malware developed every day. In any case, there are a lot of other things you need to worry about like receiving PC repair messages. But recognizing the types of computer viruses out there is vital if you want to maintain your computer's stability. When it comes to the ordinary user perspective, this type of virus is one of the most dangerous ones out there.

Their infection spreads on the master boot record. This means that they're not easy to remove, often resulting in a full system reformat.

This proves especially true when the virus encrypts the computer's boot sector and damages the code. The great thing about technological advances is that the BIOS architecture of newer PC units reduced its effectiveness over the past years. In any case, you're liable to get this virus with the use of removable media like USB flash disks or hard drives.

When it comes to these types of viruses, direct action viruses infect your files and are one of the two main types of computer virus that does this. It doesn't hide in your computer's memory nor install itself. Once you click on the infected file, it becomes active.

It then looks for other files in the infected file's location so it can spread more. While it's annoying, it doesn't cripple your system's performance since it only makes your files inaccessible. You can remove it with a simple anti-virus program, so it's not much of a threat compared to the Boot Sector virus. Like its direct action counterpart, the resident virus is a file infector. But its primary difference from the former is that they install themselves on your PC unit.

They become even dangerous because they can persist even after the primary source of the virus infection gets removed. Depending on the virus's programming, it can be difficult to spot it and remove it from your system. It depends on whether the resident virus is a fast infector or a slow infector. The former causes damage as fast as it can while the latter progresses its damage at a much slower pace. More nefarious than most viruses, multipartite viruses are an amalgamation of the different types of computer viruses regarding how it spreads.

It spreads using various means, and it could take a wide variety of actions depending on several factors. For example, it can act in a different manner depending on your PC's operating system.

It can infect your boot sector and files, making it act and spread faster. This makes it tougher to remove and might require a complete reformat to prevent a recurrence. This type of virus is dangerous because anti-virus programs have a hard time detecting it.

Most programs take days or months formulating routines necessary to identify a single polymorphic virus. Detection takes a long time because of the way anti-virus programs function. These software types can only blacklist a single virus variant. Polymorphic viruses take advantage of this by changing its signature when it reproduces, making it look like a different, otherwise harmless file. Viruses, in general, are frustrating, especially because insurance companies don't protect businesses against virus attacks.

But to end users, the most frustrating type of virus is the overwrite virus. This holds water even if its danger level is low compared to the ones mentioned so far. The only way you can get rid of the virus is to get rid of the file it infects. This can apply to both individual files and entire software applications. It's often hard to identify, but you can prevent it if you're careful with emails with attachments. Compared to other types of viruses, spacefillers have more intelligence. Most computer virus types attach themselves to executable files.

In comparison, spacefiller viruses occupy the empty spaces often found within files. This allows it to invade programs without damaging it or increasing its size. It ignores the other techniques most viruses rely on to avoid detection.

While it's more nefarious, its rarity makes it less of a threat in most cases. This is one of the most destructive virus types around. It infects your computer memory and sets it as its base of operations. What this means is that your operating system helps the virus work more by simply running. Its effects differ, but if you notice a significant increase in corrupted files, your computer might have a memory resident virus infection.

These viruses often transmit themselves into your computer's system through the programming used for websites. Placing images, videos, and layouts require a certain degree of coding. That means you might download the viruses without your knowledge if you click on malicious websites' links or watch their videos.

The best way to prevent this is to have security programs that detect malicious coding when browsing the internet. This type of virus is one of the most straightforward and easy-to-detect viruses. It will interfere with your work by leading you off to different websites even if you enter the internet address you want to go to. A good practice is to be careful with your downloads and toolbars. There are a lot of viruses that you need to watch out for.

The internet provides a great avenue for all these types of computer viruses to proliferate. If you're vigilant, you won't need to worry about getting them. Do you need virus removal? Contact us today for more information! Name Phone Email Problem Please leave this field empty.

What is a Computer Virus?

The terms "virus" and "malware" are often used interchangeably. However, they are technically different, so the question of malware vs. A virus is a specific type of malware that self-replicates by inserting its code into other programs. Computer viruses have been prominent since almost the beginning of the commercial internet: The first one was created in for the Apple II, and other versions quickly followed. Viruses spread by attaching themselves to legitimate files and programs, and are distributed through infected websites, flash drives, and emails. A victim activates a virus by opening the infected application or file. Once activated, a virus may delete or encrypt files, modify applications, or disable system functions.

The purpose of this paper is to discuss various types of computer viruses, along with their characteristics, working, effects on the computer systems and to suggest measures for detecting the virus infection in a computer system and to elaborate means of prevention. The author undertook an extensive study and review of the literature available online and on relevant web sites on the present topic. A large number of viruses were found during the study, which are causing serious damages to computer systems. The author suggests ways to detect and prevent the different computer viruses. The research is based on and limited to the study of the relevant literature available on different relevant web sites. The research will benefit business organizations, business houses, educational institutions and libraries working in fully computerized environments, in detection of viruses and preventing infection of their computer systems. The society will also benefit by attaining knowledge about the different types of computer viruses and the measures of prevention of infection.

Secure Sockets Layer SSL is a protocol developed by Netscape for establishing an encrypted link between a web server and a browser. SSL is an industry standard which transmits private data securely over the Internet by encrypting it. It is used by many websites to protect the online transactions of their customers. Description: SSL functions around a cryptographic system which uses three keys t. Cross-site scripting XSS is a type of computer security vulnerability. Description: Cross-site scripting XSS exploits the 'same-origin-policy' concept of web applications to allow hackers to extract information from the system.

An introduction to computer viruses: problems and solutions

No one enjoys being sick. It might sound silly, but your computer can catch a cold just like you. Doctors can usually diagnose a virus based on symptoms exhibited by the body. IT professionals can do the same with computers. Typical signs of computer virus infections include:.

The dangers of malware are something you can't put lightly. After all, there is around , new malware developed every day. In any case, there are a lot of other things you need to worry about like receiving PC repair messages. But recognizing the types of computer viruses out there is vital if you want to maintain your computer's stability.

How to prevent and remove viruses and other malware

A computer virus is not that different from a real-life virus like, say, the flu. When contracted, they can both remain dormant in the system only to become active when you least expect them to.

1. Boot Sector Virus

Поликарбонатная крыша еще была цела, но под ее прозрачной оболочкой бушевало пламя. Внутри клубились тучи черного дыма. Все трое как завороженные смотрели на это зрелище, не лишенное какой-то потусторонней величественности. Фонтейн словно окаменел. Когда же он пришел в себя, его голос был едва слышен, но исполнен решимости: - Мидж, вызовите аварийную команду.

Никто не сомневался, что АНБ проиграло сражение. Цель была достигнута. Все глобальное электронное сообщество было обведено вокруг пальца… или так только. ГЛАВА 5 Куда все подевались? - думала Сьюзан, идя по пустому помещению шифровалки.  - Ничего себе чрезвычайная ситуация. Хотя большинство отделов АНБ работали в полном составе семь дней в неделю, по субботам в шифровалке было тихо. По своей природе математики-криптографы - неисправимые трудоголики, поэтому существовало неписаное правило, что по субботам они отдыхают, если только не случается нечто непредвиденное.


  • A computer virus is a malicious program that self-replicates by copying itself to another program. Faye C. - 24.03.2021 at 03:51
  • People tend to play fast and loose with security terminology. Cindy E. - 25.03.2021 at 04:34
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