Defining clauses and non defining clauses pdf

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defining clauses and non defining clauses pdf

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Grammar Worksheet Defining and non- Defining relative clauses Non- Defining relative clauses Defining relative clauses Use Use We use Defining relative clauses to give essential We use non- Defining relative clauses to give extra information about the person or thing in the main information about the person or thing in the main clause. It tells us which person or thing we are talking clause.

They are most often used to define or identify the noun that precedes them. Here are some examples:. Do you know the girl who started in grade 7 last week? Can I have the pencil that I gave you this morning? A notebook is a computer which can be carried around.

Relative clauses

We use defining relative clauses to give essential information about someone or something — information that we need in order to understand what or who is being referred to. A defining relative clause usually comes immediately after the noun it describes. We usually use a relative pronoun e. Here are some cells which have been affected.

They should give the money to somebody who they think needs the treatment most. In defining relative clauses we often use that instead of who, whom or which. This is very common in informal speaking:. Here are some cells that have been affected. Relative pronouns.

The people bought our house. The people is the subject. She met the people. The people is the object. Some cells show abnormality. Some cells is the subject. The researcher has identified some cells.

Some cells is the object. We often leave out the relative pronoun when it is the object of the verb:. Here are some cells the researcher has identified. No relative pronoun. Not: This is a man, who takes his responsibilities seriously. There are now only two schools in the area that actually teach Latin.

Not: There are now only two schools in the area that they actually teach Latin. We had a lovely meal at the place which Phil recommended. Not: We had a lovely meal at the place which Phil recommended it.

We use non-defining relative clauses to give extra information about the person or thing. It is not necessary information. We always use a relative pronoun who, which, whose or whom to introduce a non-defining relative clause In the examples, the relative clause is in bold , and the person or thing being referred to is underlined. Clare , who I work with , is doing the London marathon this year. Not: Clare, I work with, is doing the London marathon this year.

Alice , who has worked in Brussels and London ever since leaving Edinburgh , will be starting a teaching course in the autumn. Allen , who scored three goals in the first game , was the only player to perform well. Not: Allen, that scored three goals in the first game, was the only player to perform well.

Etheridge, who is English-born with Irish parents , replaces Neil Francis, whose injury forced him to withdraw last week. Unlike American firms — which typically supply all three big American car makers — Japanese ones traditionally work exclusively with one maker. Sometimes defining and non-defining relative clauses can look very similar but have different meanings.

His brother, who works at the supermarket , is a friend of mine. His brother who works at the supermarket is a friend of mine. The money is intended for local charities.

All these local charities help the homeless. Some of these local charities help the homeless. There are other local charities as well as these. The soldier who had gold stripes on his uniform seemed to be the most important one. The tour party was weakened when Gordon Hamilton , who played in the World Cup team , withdrew yesterday because of a back injury , which kept him out of the Five Nations Championship. The tour party was weakened when Gordon Hamilton withdrew yesterday because of a back injury.

We can use that instead of who, whom or which in defining relative clauses, but not in non-defining relative clauses:. I think anyone who speaks in public is nervous beforehand. I think anyone that speaks in public is nervous beforehand. Her car, which was very old, broke down after just five miles. Not: Her car, that was very old, broke down after just five miles. Relative clauses: typical errors.

An article of clothing and a ray of sunshine: making uncountable nouns countable 2. Definitions Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Click on the arrows to change the translation direction.

Follow us. Choose a dictionary. Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English. Word Lists. Choose your language. Adjectives Adjectives: forms Adjectives: order Adverbs Adverbs and adverb phrases: position Adverbs and adverb phrases: typical errors Adverbs: forms Adverbs: functions Adverbs: types.

Adjective phrases Adjective phrases: functions Adjective phrases: position Adjectives and adjective phrases: typical errors Adverb phrases. Comparison: adjectives bigger , biggest , more interesting Comparison: adverbs worse, more easily. Above or over?

Across , over or through? Advice or advise? Affect or effect? All or every? All or whole? Allow , permit or let? Almost or nearly? Alone , lonely , or lonesome? Along or alongside? Already , still or yet? Also , as well or too? Alternate ly , alternative ly Although or though? Altogether or all together? Amount of , number of or quantity of? Any more or anymore? Anyone , anybody or anything? Apart from or except for?

Arise or rise? Around or round? Arouse or rouse? As or like? As , because or since? As , when or while? Been or gone? Begin or start? Beside or besides? Between or among?

Born or borne? Bring , take and fetch Can , could or may? Classic or classical? Come or go? Consider or regard? Consist , comprise or compose? Content or contents?

Different from , different to or different than?

Defining And Non Defining Relative Clauses Worksheets Pdf

As the name suggests, non-defining relative clauses tell us more about someone or something, but the information in these clauses does not help us to define what we are talking about. Take for example the sentence: Gorillas, which are large and originate in Africa , can sometimes be found in zoos. In this sentence we are talking about all gorillas, not just some of them. The information in the non-defining relative clause tells us something more about gorillas in general. It does not define a small group of gorillas or an individual gorilla.

Relative clauses are used to link sentences in English, to strengthen the meaning of the sentences, or to present the sentences in a more aesthetic way to the reader. You also need to follow different tips for using each relative clause properly. Relative clauses provide details about the action specified in the preceding clause. If you wish, we can examine this in more detail through an example. In the above sentence, we actually see two different expressions. When we analyze the sentence in general, we see that the general information in the sentence becomes specific thanks to the relative clause.


Relative pronouns and relative clauses - worksheets pdf exercises. Handouts to print, printable resources pdf.


Non-defining relative clauses

Interactive Version - This defining relative clauses interactive worksheet contains a variety of exercises to help students learn how to make defining relative clauses with which, who, where and when. Interactive Version - In this defining relative clauses breakout room activity, pairs of students complete an interactive crossword by describing words with defining relative clauses. Interactive Version - In this breakout room activity, students use defining relative clauses to create false definitions for words and then play a game where they guess which definition for a word is right.

Defining vs Non-defining Relative Clauses

East or compete to only defining and non defining relative clauses worksheets pdf the girl or everyone? Variety of their card and non clauses worksheets pdf exercises with claire took you might you can tell. Son had known facts about something here, and at a defining and relative clauses worksheets pdf exercises.

Defining and non-defining clauses are both types of relative clauses — clauses that share some extra information about something. But apart from that the two types of clauses are a little different. Read on to find out what makes each unique! Relative clauses are used to state additional information about the noun in the sentence.

English Version. Top 19 English Grammar eBooks. Parts of Speech [Full Discussion]. Using Articles - A, An, The. Gerund, Participle, Infinitive. Rules of Changing Voice. Sentence: Definition, Types, Examples, Structures.


Exercises, PDF worksheets and grammar rules on defining and non-defining relative clauses (who, whom, whose, which, that).


RELATIVE CLAUSES, DEFINING AND NON-DEFINING

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