# In statistics when to use stem and leaf or histogram pdf

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A stem-and-leaf display or stem-and-leaf plot is a device for presenting quantitative data in a graphical format, similar to a histogram , to assist in visualizing the shape of a distribution. They evolved from Arthur Bowley 's work in the early s, and are useful tools in exploratory data analysis.

## Stem-and-leaf display

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One simple graph, the stem-and-leaf graph or stemplot , comes from the field of exploratory data analysis. It is a good choice when the data sets are small. To create the plot, divide each observation of data into a stem and a leaf. The leaf consists of a final significant digit. For example, 23 has stem two and leaf three. The number has stem 43 and leaf two.

## Stem and leaf plots review

A random sample of 64 people were selected to take the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test. After each person completed the test, they were assigned an intelligence quotient IQ based on their performance on the test. The resulting 64 IQs are as follows:. Once the data are obtained, it might be nice to summarize the data. We could, of course, summarize the data using a histogram.

## Stem-And-Leaf Diagram

If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. To log in and use all the features of Khan Academy, please enable JavaScript in your browser. Donate Login Sign up Search for courses, skills, and videos. Math Statistics and probability Displaying and comparing quantitative data Displaying quantitative data with graphs. Practice: Creating frequency tables.

The stem-and-leaf units have to be determined. This means that we have to define what will be the stems and what will be the leaves for observations of interest. Each stem can consist of any number of digits, but each leaf can have only a single digit.

K-2 , , This series of problems leads you through the creation of a histogram and its corresponding tables for the data in Parts B and C, which you will now group by fives. Start with the stem and leaf plot for the grouping-by-fives scenario:. Problem H1 Create a grouped frequency table for this data set where the intervals have a width of five seconds.

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Stem And Leaf Plot Pdf. Show or explain how you got your answer. In addition, we often merge each alternating row with its next row in order to simplify the graph for readability.

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of the number of data values in that interval. In the stem-and-leaf plot in Example 1, the stems represent the tens place of each data value. The histogram created.