Research methods and thesis writing pdf

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research methods and thesis writing pdf

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Learning Skills:.

Writing your Dissertation: Methodology

Chapter 1 of a thesis should contain a discussion of each of the following topics: Introduction Statement of the Problem Assumptions and Hypotheses Significance or Importance of the Study Definitions of Terms Scope and Delimitation of the Study Conceptual Framework The Introduction Guidelines in writing the introduction.

The introduction of a thesis should contain a discussion of any or all of the following: 1. Presentation of the Problem. The start of the introduction is the presentation of the problem, that is, what the problem is all about.

This will indicate what will be covered by the study. Example: Suppose that the investigation is about the teaching of science in the high schools of Province A. The discussion may start with this topic sentence: There is no other period in world history when science has been making its greatest impact upon humankind than it is today.

Prolong the discussion citing the multifarious and wonderful benefits that science is giving to humanity today. Later, in connection wit science, the topic for inquiry may be presented as the teaching of science in the high schools of Province A during the school year as perceived by the science teachers and students.

The existence of an unsatisfactory condition, a felt problem that needs a solution. Example: The teaching of science in the high schools of Province A has been observed to be weak as shown by the results of the survey tests given to the students recently.

The causes must be found so that remedial measures may be instituted. The discussion may be prolonged further Rationale of the study. The reason or reasons why it is necessary to conduct the study must be discussed. Example: One of the Thrust of the Department of Education, Culture and Sports and of the government for that matter is to strengthen the teaching of science. It is necessary to conduct this inquiry to find out how to strengthen the instruction of science in the province.

This may be prolonged. Historical background of the problem. For a historical background of the research problem of the teaching of science, the first satellite to orbited the earth, educational systems all over the world including that the Philippines have been trying hard to improve their science curricula and instruction, This can be explained further 5. A desire to have deeper and cleared understanding of a situation, circumstance, or phenomenon. If the teaching of science in the high schools of Province A is the topic, the researcher must explain his earnest desire to have a deeper and clearer understanding of the situation so that he will be in a better position to initiate remedial measures.

A desire to find a better way of doing something or of improving a product. The researcher must also explain his desire to find a better way in teaching science in the high schools of Province A to improve the outcome of instruction. A desire to discover something. In connection with the teaching of science in the high schools of Province A, the researcher may have the desire to discover what is wrong with the instruction and a desire to discover better ways of teaching the subject.

He may discuss his desire to discover such thing. Geographical conditions of the study locale. This is necessary in anthropological and economic studies. If the subject of investigation is rice production, then the terrain, soil, climate, rainfall, etc.

A link between the introduction and the statement of the problem. A sentence or two should how the link between the introduction and the conducting of the researcher. Example: The researcher got very much interested in determining the status of teaching science in the high schools of Province A and so he conducted this research.

Statement of the Problem There should be a general statement of the whole problem followed by the specific questions or sub problems into which the general problem is broken up. These are already formulated at the beginning of the study and so they should only be copied in this section. See the first section of the Statement of Problem, pp. Assumptions and Hypotheses Historical and descriptive investigations do not need explicit hypotheses and assumptions.

Only experimental studies need expressly written assumptions and hypotheses. Since these are already formulated at the start of the experiment, they are just copied in this section.

See the sections Assumptions and Hypotheses, pp. Importance or Significance of the Study Guidance in explaining the importance of the study. For instance, a survey test in science reveals that the performance of the students in the high schools of Province A is poor. It must be pointed out that it is a strong reason why an investigation of the teaching in science in the said high schools is necessary. Also, the study is timely and relevant because today, it is science and technology that are making some nations very highly industrialized and progressive.

So, if science is properly studied and taught and then applied, it can also make the country highly industrialized and progressive. Possible solutions to existing problems or improvement to unsatisfactory conditions. The poor performance of the students in the high schools of Province A in a survey test in science should be explained as a problem and an unsatisfactory condition. So if the inquiry is made the possible causes of the poor performance of the students in the science survey test may be discovered so that remedial measures may be instituted to solve the problem or the unsatisfactory situation.

Who are to be benefited and how they are going to be benefited. It must be shown who are the individuals, groups, or communities who may be placed in a more advantageous position on account of the study.

In the inquiry conducted about the teaching of science, for instance, some weaknesses of the instructional program may be discovered. This will benefit the administrators of the high schools in Province A because they can make the findings of the study as a basis of formulating their supervisory plans for the ensuing year. They may include in their plans some measures to correct the weaknesses so as to strengthen the instruction.

In turn, the students will also benefit for learning more science. In the long run, the whole country will enjoy the good results of the study. Possible contribution to the fund of knowledge. If in the study it is found out that the inductive method is very effective in the teaching of science, it should be pointed out that this can be a contribution of the study to the fund of knowledge.

Possible implications. It should be discussed here that the implications include the possible causes of the problems discovered, the possible effects of the problems, and the remedial measures to solve the problems. Implications also include the good points of a system ought to be continued or to be improved if possible. Definition of Terms Guidelines in defining terms: Only terms, words, or phrases which have special or unique meanings in the study are defined.

For instance, the term non-teaching facilities may be used in the study of the teaching of science. Nonteaching facilities may be defined as facilities needed by the students and teachers but are not used to explain the lesson or to make instructions clearer.

Examples are toilets or comfort rooms, electric fans, rest rooms or lounges, and the like. They may also be called noninstructional facilities. Terms should be defined operationally, that is how they are used in the study.

For instance, a study is made about early marriage. What is meant by early marriage? To make the meaning clear, early marriage may be defined as one in which the contracting parties are both eighteen years of age. The researcher may develop his own definition from the characteristics of the term defined. Thus, a house of light materials may be defined as one with bamboo or small wooden posts, nipa, buri, or nipa walls; split 1.

This is also an operational definition. Definitions may be taken from encyclopedias, books, magazines and newspaper articles, dictionaries, and other publications but the researcher must acknowledge his sources.

Acronyms should always be spelled out fully especially if it is not commonly known or if it is used for the first time. Scope and Delimitations of the Study Guidelines in writing the scope and delimitations. The scope and delimitations should include the following: 1. A brief statement of the general purpose of the study.

The subject matter and topics studied and discussed. The locale of the study, where the data were gathered or the entity to which the data belong. The population or universe from which the respondents were selected.

This must be large enough to make generalizations significant. The period of the study. This is the time, either months or years, during which the data were gathered. Example: This investigation was conducted to determine the status of the teaching of science in the high schools of Province A as perceived by the teachers and students in science classes during the school year General purpose: To determine the status of the teaching of science.

Subject matter: The teaching of science. Topics aspects studied: Qualifications of teachers. Their methods and strategies, facilities, form of supervisory assistance, problems and proposed solutions to the problems.

Population or universe: teachers and students Locale of the study: High schools of province A. Period of the study: School year Limitations of the Study Limitations of the study include the weaknesses of the study beyond the control of the researcher.

This is especially true in descriptive research where the variables involved are uncountable or continuous variables such as adequacy, effectiveness, efficiency, extent, etc. The weaknesses spring out of the inaccuracies of the perceptions of the respondents. For instance, library facilities may be rated as very adequate by 50 students, fairly adequate by 30 students, inadequate by 20 students, and very inadequate by 15 students.

Some could have inaccurate if not entirely wrong perceptions. Conceptual Framework From the review of related literature and studies, the researcher may formulate a theoretical scheme for his research problem.

This scheme is a tentative explanation or theoretical explanation of the phenomenon or problem and serves as the basis for the formulation research hypotheses. Thus, the conceptual framework consists of the investigators own position on a problem after his exposure to various theories that have bearing on the problem. It is the researchers new model which has its roots on the previous models which the researcher had studied.

Sanchez, pp.

Research Structure

Research structure is basically an outline of the work and you are expected to provide the research structure towards the end of introduction chapter in your disseration. The following is a sample of a research structure:. Chapter One explains the outline of the research. This chapter includes a brief explanation of the research background , and provides rationale for the selection of the research area. Moreover, the first chapter contains explanation of the research aim and objectives , and explains research structure. Chapter Two constitutes a literature review, and accordingly, contains analysis of models and theoretical frameworks that have been previously introduced to the research area.

A GUIDE TO RESEARCH PROPOSAL AND THESIS WRITING

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Chapter 1 of a thesis should contain a discussion of each of the following topics: Introduction Statement of the Problem Assumptions and Hypotheses Significance or Importance of the Study Definitions of Terms Scope and Delimitation of the Study Conceptual Framework The Introduction Guidelines in writing the introduction. The introduction of a thesis should contain a discussion of any or all of the following: 1. Presentation of the Problem.

Research Methods and Thesis Writing [ e-Book : ePub ]

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In Kentucky. A successful research proposal will depend on many factors including: The nature of your proposed research The quality of your ideas Your ability to commit to and focus on an intensive period of research study The effectiveness of your research proposal in communicating your ideas and the match between the. Guidance on writing a DPhil research proposal. Done properly, it demonstrates. The research proposes how the employee performance can be enhanced by proper training and development. Important documents: Documents to be submitted with the Research Proposal:. Most of the time to perform this research you will need to first submit a research proposal to get approval to.

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A protocol or a synopsis of a research project is a document submitted to an authority or an institution for the purpose of. Synopsis is the gist of your planned project submitted for approval from competent authorities. It gives a panoramic view of your research for quick analysis by the reviewers. Thus, a protocol or a synopsis forms an integral part of a research project or a thesis. Many universities have made it mandatory for the postgraduate degree student to prepare a thesis as a part of their postgraduate training.

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A GUIDE TO RESEARCH PROPOSAL AND THESIS WRITING

COMMENT 2

  • Starting a thesis can be daunting. Г‰mile M. - 04.04.2021 at 14:05
  • Please note that the following chapter outline acts as a general guideline. Melania O. - 11.04.2021 at 23:19

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