Present perfect and past simple lesson pdf
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- present perfect vs past simple intermediate exercises pdf
- present perfect vs past simple multiple choice exercises pdf
Hundreds of PDF lesson plans. Example: When I got get home, I realised realise I had left leave my sunglasses in the office. Remember that the present perfect always has some sort of connection with the present, whereas the past simple happens at a specific time in the past.
Time: Approx. Aids: handouts, cards and board. Get certified today! Read: How to Use the Communicative Approach. Read: How to Use Task-based Learning. Step 1: Warm up Aim: review the use of the simple past tense actions that finished in a definite time in the past as in I went to Cuba in I had a great time there. Time: 10 minutes; interactive pattern: S-S. Pair the students up and get them to talk to their partners about three things they did yesterday, on the weekend, last month, or at Christmas the teacher chooses the most convenient time for this activity depending on the time of the year for this class.
If it is a time close to a particular festival or celebration, they can refer to that. Each pair records the action verbs discussed and shares their findings with the class.
As a class they have to decide who had the most interesting, fun, or boring time. Review the use of the simple past and the function of talking about actions that finished at a specific time in the past. Ask the students to identify if the verbs they used in the activity were regular or irregular past verbs. Step 2: Introduction to the target language Aim: Present the present perfect tense and some of the adverbs used with this tense through a text.
Introduce the text and tell the students that they have to read it and find the answers to the questions below at this point, do not mention the new tense or the adverbs that they will be discussing later. My name is Amira. I am from Venezuela, but I live in Dallas. I have lived in Dallas for five years. I like it here very much because I can improve my English. I have always loved the English language. I have learned English since I was in high school.
Living in the States has been very interesting! I have met so many nice people. They are from all over the world. It has been a great experience so far. Step 3: Elicitation Aim: to elicit the function of the present perfect from the students using concept questions.
Time: minutes; interactive patterns: T-S Guide the students toward the new tense and its function through the following concept questions:. T: Go back to the text. We know that Amira is living in the States now. But, did she live in another country before? S: Yes. In Venezuela. T: Correct. She is from Venezuela.
When did she move to Dallas? Do you know? S: They may come up with 5 years ago, as they are familiar with the simple past tense and the adverbs in the past time. If not, make sure you guide them toward that answer. T: Very good. She has lived in Dallas for 5 years. That means that she moved to Dallas 5 years ago. Make sure the verb is emphasized as well as the period; a time line can be drawn on the board to show when Amira was in Venezuela, and for how long she has been in Dallas.
Time lines are good to show time periods visually. Is she still living in Dallas? T: How many years? S: Five years. T: Did she learn English when she was in Venezuela?
In high school. T: Is she still learning English in Dallas? T: Did she like learning English in the past? Does she like English now? T: Great. So, in this text, Amira tells us about some of the things she started in the past and she is still doing in the present, and to express that she uses a new tense. We call this tense the present perfect. Write the name on the board. Do we use the present perfect for actions that finished in the past?
Listen: Amira has lived in Dallas for 5 years. Does it mean she is living in Dallas now? So, we use it to talk about actions that started in the past and still continue in the present. Write the function on the board. Use the time line to show the connection of the past action in the present time. Step 4: Checking comprehension Aims: Students find the verb phrases and time references by themselves. Collaborative learning Time: 5 minutes; interactive patterns: S-S. I want you to look at the text again and see if you can find all the action verbs that show that Amira is still living in Dallas, learning English and having fun.
Underline the verbs and the time reference. Do this with your partner. Feedback: Take up their answers and write them down on the board. Guide them if they have not found all of the verbs or time references. Categorize their answers under the following headings:. Focus on the action verbs and the time references. Explain the use of the present perfect tense making reference to the time line to help the students grasp the concept. Step 5: Mechanical practice Aim: identify the verbs in the past participle through a matching activity.
Time: 5 minutes; interactive patterns S-S Aids: cards with simple past verbs and cards with past participle verbs. Provide the students with colour-coded cards red cards for simple past verbs and blue cards for past participles. Students in pairs have to match the cards. They may have to guess some of the past participles forms, especially those of the irregular verbs. Once the cards are matched, student A has to say the simple past out loud while student B says the corresponding past participle form.
Examples of verb cards:. Step 6: Mechanical practice Aim: practicing fluency with a substitutional drill. Time: 5 minutes; interactive patterns T-S Aids: cards with past participle verbs.
Choose one of the cards, and make a sentence. Example: I have lived in Dallas for five years. Have students repeat: I have lived in Dallas for five years. Then, change the time reference, for example: for two years. Students have to substitute the new phrase: I have lived in Dallas for two years. Then, change the verb.
Example: have danced salsa. Students have to substitute the new verb: I have danced salsa for two years Give students different prompts verbs, or time references alternatively. Step 7: Mechanical practice Aim: practicing different types of sentences with a transformational drill. T: Amira has met nice people.
Question S: Has she met nice people? And so on with more examples. Step 8 : Communicative practice Aim: practicing asking and answering questions using the present perfect tense and adverbs. Time: 10 minutes; interactive patterns S-S Aids: Paper and pen.
Students ask one another questions to find out about what their classmates started in the past and are still doing in the present. Example: S1: Have you lived in this town for a long time? S2: Yes. I have lived here for ten years.
present perfect vs past simple intermediate exercises pdf
Check out this convenient list of some common irregular verbs in English. SINCE is followed by a particular time in the past. FOR is followed by a period or amount of time. Present Perfect vs. Past Simple: Complete the sentences with the best form of the verb given.
Grand Hotel Freckle Face Schoolbell present simple, present continuous or past simple This worksheet helps to revise Present Simple, Present Continuous both for present and for future meaning and Past Simple. Learn and practise Past perfect simple and past perfect continuous grammar Oxford Learner's Dictionaries Toggle navigation. A comparison between the Past Simple and the Past Continuous with a clear explanation of the differences between these two tenses with examples and exercises to help you learn. Lisa cooked pasta for everybody. Present Perfect and Past Simple Contrasted.
1The present perfect continuous is sometimes called the present perfect Lesson 9. 1. We form the present perfect with have or has + the past participle.
present perfect vs past simple multiple choice exercises pdf
Time: Approx. Aids: handouts, cards and board. Get certified today! Read: How to Use the Communicative Approach. Read: How to Use Task-based Learning.
Download PDF version of this test! Exercise instructions. Remember that the present perfect always has some sort of connection with the present, whereas the past simple happens at a specific time in the past. Past Continuous is used to describe action that were in progress still happening - not finished at a certain time in the past.
Present perfect continuous. Future 1 Simple signal words. Fables, short stories, English talks, ebooks. For example: Lisa danced yesterday.
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