Kingsley davis and wilbert moore some principles of stratification pdf

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kingsley davis and wilbert moore some principles of stratification pdf

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functional theory of stratification

The Functionalist View of Stratification:. Main principles of structural functionalism :. Societies are complex systems of interrelated and interdependent parts, and each part of a society significantly influences the others. Each part of a society exists because it has a vital function to perform in maintaining the existence or stability of society as a whole; the existence of any part of a society is therefore explained when its function for the whole is identified. The tendency of society is toward stability, harmony, or equilibrium, in other words toward balance. Society is seen as a self-regulating system and all of the constituent elements of a society must contribute to maintaining this state of harmony. Overall, the assumption of functionalism is that all social structures contribute to the maintenance of the system and the existence of any given structure is explained by means of its consequences functions which must, by definition be beneficial to the maintenance of stable order.

Basketball is one of the highest-paying professional sports. There is stratification even among teams. For example, the Minnesota Timberwolves hand out the lowest annual payroll, while the Los Angeles Lakers reportedly pay the highest. Even within specific fields, layers are stratified and members are ranked. In sociology, even an issue such as NBA salaries can be seen from various points of view. Functionalists will examine the purpose of such high salaries, while conflict theorists will study the exorbitant salaries as an unfair distribution of money. Social stratification takes on new meanings when it is examined from different sociological perspectives—functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism.

Why does poverty exist, and why and how do poor people end up being poor? We review what these perspectives say generally about social stratification rankings of people based on wealth and other resources a society values before turning to explanations focusing specifically on poverty. In general, the functionalist perspective and conflict perspective both try to explain why social stratification exists and endures, while the symbolic interactionist perspective discusses the differences that stratification produces for everyday interaction. Table 2. In line with this view, functionalist theorists in sociology assume that stratification exists because it also serves important functions for society.

Davis–Moore hypothesis

The Davis—Moore hypothesis , sometimes referred to as the Davis—Moore theory , is a central claim within the structural functionalist paradigm of sociological theory, and was advanced by Kingsley Davis and Wilbert E. Moore in a paper published in As a structural functionalist theory, it is also associated with Talcott Parsons and Robert K. The hypothesis is an attempted explanation of social stratification , based on the idea of "functional necessity". Davis and Moore argue that the most difficult jobs in any society are the most necessary and require the highest rewards and compensation to sufficiently motivate individuals to fill them. Once the roles are filled, the division of labour functions properly, based on the notion of organic solidarity advanced by Emile Durkheim.

Social Stratification and Inequality

In this way, the most important functions would be performed by the most talented persons, and the greatest rewards go to those positions which required most training and were most important for maintenance of the social system. The theory was and remains highly influential but has generated enormous controversy. Tumin 's Readings on Social Stratification , , offers a good selection of the classic contributions to the debate.

Why is stratification so common? Is it possible to have a society without stratification? Sociologists trying to answer these questions have developed two very different macro explanations of stratification, while symbolic interactionists have examined the differences that stratification produces for everyday interaction.

6.3: Explaining Stratification

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Some Principles of Stratification. Author(s): Kingsley Davis and Wilbert E. Moore. Source: American Sociological Review, Vol. 10, No. 2, Annual Meeting.

The Davis–Moore theory of stratification: The life course of a socially constructed classic


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