Cloud computing business trends and technologies pdf

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cloud computing business trends and technologies pdf

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C loud computing occupies a unique spot in IT history. In its early incarnations, it was the latest in a series of new models for IT operations. Existing systems were migrated to cloud providers, and companies found benefits in cost and flexibility while working through issues around security and integration.

Today, though, cloud offers a path for business transformation. Powerful new capabilities and complex automation can completely change not just the role of the IT department, but the entire organization. As such, cloud computing bridges two eras of enterprise technology, moving IT from a heavily tactical function to a valuable strategic asset. The IT function is evolving in a cloud world Rather than disappearing or shrinking as many feared, the IT function is transforming to handle more strategic work as routine pieces can be offloaded to cloud providers.

The challenges of cloud migration are outweighed by the benefits As cloud adoption enters later stages of maturity, companies are encountering new hurdles. Integration is still the main challenge, but the next two workflow modification and policy change highlight organizational issues that follow initial technical efforts.

However, there is clearly a wide range of benefits, with smaller companies improving implementation, mid-sized firms modernizing their IT environments, and large enterprises streamlining their processes. Cloud is a key enabler for emerging technology The rising interest in cutting-edge trends is driven largely by cloud computing. By providing access to new tools or allowing companies to consolidate their datasets, cloud simplifies the process of exploring new topics and lowers the cost.

In addition, cloud plays a role in stitching together technology for broad applications. Eighty-one percent of companies say that cloud has greatly enhanced or moderately enhanced their efforts around automation. Cloud computing is rapidly moving from an emerging trend to an established technology. Especially for those that have been following the topic since its modern launch circa , it may seem that cloud computing has given way to newer subjects that monopolize the hype spotlight.

Looking at Google Trends information covering the past five years, interest in cloud seems to be on a steady decline. However, this data needs context. Interest in AI follows the expected pattern, recently surpassing interest in cloud.

Internet of Things is another trend that has followed cloud computing on the IT timeline, but interest in IoT has actually never reached the same level as interest in cloud.

Cybersecurity, the most established of these four topics, clearly lags behind as well, although interest is rising the spike in February is likely correlated with two executive orders on cybersecurity signed by then-President Obama.

Clearly, cloud computing is more than just a passing fad. Most recently, there have been questions about edge computing and its impact on the cloud, but those questions are ultimately issues of proximity.

The unique characteristics that have allowed cloud to flourish will continue shaping IT decisions even as edge computing grows more prominent. As in past years, those unique characteristics remain somewhat unclear even as companies pursue new IT strategies more aggressively.

The most important metric has always been whether a business is achieving its goals with technology, not whether they are adhering to a strict definition of cloud. Definitions are only important as they relate to goals. A company that believes they are using cloud resources since those resources are accessed over the internet may find that they need to explore new options if they want to start paying only for resources as they are consumed.

Companies are solidly in the middle of a cloud adoption progression. More significantly, the percentage of IT architecture that is cloud-based is reaching critical mass. But as cloud systems comprise the bulk of IT operations, that will force operational changes. This report explores the changes taking place within IT departments as new skills and new approaches are needed for cloud environments. IT professionals can understand what workloads are best suited to a cloud environment, and they can quantify specific benefits as they describe application migration to upper management.

On the supply side, vendors can tailor their offerings for cloud architecture and technology services firms can focus their skills on the most common cloud applications. As in previous years, a close examination of the data furthers the theory that companies hold broad interpretations of cloud systems.

In the case of applications, the mix of IaaS vs. SaaS looks suspicious. Given the simplicity of using a SaaS-based application, it seems that SaaS usage should outpace hosting on IaaS, especially considering that many companies in the SMB space are exploring SaaS options for applications that were previously too costly to maintain on their own.

There are likely many businesses which view any application hosted by a third party as an application hosted on cloud infrastructure. Nevertheless, the list of cloud-based applications provides several useful insights.

First, it is a useful proxy for the corporate application landscape. The bottom half of the list contains those applications that are seeing broader adoption since cloud simplifies the process.

In the middle are two applications that raise some questions. Analytics and virtual desktops make sense as cloud options since they are also tools that most companies might not have maintained internally. But their prominent position on the list is suspicious. In fact, a significant number of companies report that analytics was the first application they pursued in the cloud. It seems unlikely that companies would pursue cloud-based analytics before pursuing the more foundational applications, and it also seems unlikely that more companies would have cloud versions of these applications than have applications related to core business functions such as finance or HR.

One possible explanation is that companies have pursued analytics and virtual desktops based on the promise of massive benefits, but internal adoption has been slow thanks to issues with integration or workflow. This is the pattern companies saw with unified communication suites; actual usage does not necessarily track with up-front investment. Another insight from the application list is that cloud is a critical ingredient in digital transformation.

Looking at application adoption by company size provides another proof point to the theory that medium-sized businesses are a sweet spot for cloud computing. These firms have organizational challenges that require a more complex architecture but have not typically built the resource pool to manage such complexity.

Certain applications stand out as being more heavily adopted by medium-sized organizations employees than small companies less than employees or large enterprises more than employees. In fact, most of the applications in the second half of the list have similar ratios. Medium-sized companies are not just pursuing applications that had no prior on-prem equivalent, they are building a cloud-based architecture that gives them real advantages in their business operations.

Born-in-the-cloud startups are certainly examples of small companies on the same path, and large firms can leverage their resources to mitigate gaps during legacy transitions, but a heavy use of cloud applications will clearly be a requirement for businesses competing in a digital economy.

The primary implication for IT professionals is the new center of gravity around workflow and skills. Infrastructure employees that once felt the threat of job loss have discovered that their job was never really about the upkeep of servers, it was about the provision of workloads.

In a cloud environment, that provisioning requires many traditional skills in virtualization and networking along with demand for new skills in areas such as devops, application security, and containers. Especially as the cloud components of an architecture expand, the ability to maintain a consistent IT platform is extremely valuable.

Even though some businesses continue to hold loose definitions of cloud computing, the past few years have seen many firms come to a better understanding about what constitutes a real cloud offering and therefore how much of their architecture is truly cloud-based. This initially caused an apparent step backwards in cloud adoption as knowledge was clarified, but momentum has definitely picked up again. After an initial migration of certain applications to the cloud, the next stage of evolution is determining which model is the best option for each application.

This means examining multiple cloud providers, exploring hosted or on-prem private clouds, and accepting traditional on-prem solutions depending on the situation. Most of those have been a move of either infrastructure or applications to a second cloud provider. There are a variety of motivations here. Although private cloud is definitely a term that inspires much debate, it provides a good balance of flexibility and control when executed properly.

That execution clearly takes some level of specialized skill. Finally, just over a quarter of companies that have performed cloud migrations have moved some number of systems back on-premises. Here, the motivation is overwhelmingly tied to security. Six out of ten companies moving systems from a public cloud provider to an on-prem solution say that they needed better control over security or compliance.

It is notable that these two issues are the primary problems that companies run into when business units procure solutions without including the IT team in the decision process. Some percentage of initial cloud migrations were likely the result of business units procuring software on their own, and now these applications are being brought back into the broader corporate structure. As secondary migrations take place, companies must account for the effort in moving systems. Here, there has been a shift in the level of effort needed compared to the level of effort expected by companies who have not yet started secondary moves.

A few years ago, companies that had not been through the process mostly believed that secondary migrations would require less effort than initial migrations. Companies with some experience reported that secondary migrations were as difficult, if not more difficult, than the original move. Now, there is a more even distribution of both expected effort and actual effort.

Obviously there have been lessons learned over the past few years, and companies have a better sense of what to expect. Beyond that, cloud providers are continuing to improve their capabilities. Even as these providers aim to keep clients in their ecosystem, improved tools and broader use of open standards give end users a better chance to avoid lockin. Cloud-based applications bring IT changes as business units become more involved in technology decisions, and multi-cloud models bring changes as IT has to monitor and optimize a more complex architecture, but these are just the beginning of the changes that ultimately redefine the IT function.

The role of IT has been a major question mark during the early stages of cloud adoption, and while it is clear that IT will play a new, more strategic role within the digital organization, the specific details of that role are still being determined.

The most common type of change that is occurring within IT operations is the creation of new policies or a change to existing policies to establish procedures for cloud environments. This makes sense as companies are becoming more mature in their cloud practices. Later stages of adoption are marked more by changes to policy and workflow than technical hurdles.

As expected, security tops the list of policies that have been created or modified. Seventy-one percent of companies have focused on security policies, far above the other policy changes such as corporate data and approved vendors for cloud use. From a tooling perspective, the features being added or purchased highlight how cloud can change operations.

Other important features include self-service capabilities, mechanisms for compliance audits, and connections to finance systems. While skill-building does not top the list of cloud-driven IT changes, it may be the change with the largest impact. New policies are important for corporate governance and new tools enable optimization, but new skills change the entire dynamic of the IT function. The next two skills on the list provide deeper insights into the nature of a cloud-centric IT function.

Application-specific knowledge such as expertise with the Amazon Web Services toolset or Salesforce. Companies are looking for individuals who can tweak tools to provide tailored solutions. On the other hand, demand for virtualization skills suggests that companies need individuals who understand the foundational structure of a cloud system. Virtualization is certainly not a new trend, but it remains a skill that many companies are seeking to improve. The tight clustering of skills in the middle of the list indicates that a number of companies have a broad mix of needs.

Obviously not every company has the wherewithal or the necessity to have separate individuals focused on each of these fields.

Cloud computing: Five key business trends to look out for

It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. Authors: Dempsey , David, Kelliher , Felicity. Exploring the Cloud Computing CC commercial landscape as it matures; this book asserts that the key ingredient in sustaining the Software as a Service SaaS business model is subscription renewal. Chronicling the evolution and future trajectory of the CC concept, the authors examine the new paradigm it is creating for the distribution of computer software applications among business-to-business B2B clients. CC enabled SaaS has been fundamentally changing the revenue expectations and business model for the application software industry, and impacting on how SaaS providers pursue, acquire and retain B2B clients. Securing SaaS subscription renewal is critical to the survival and prosperity of this business as attrition can have a significant impact on the financial viability of SaaS businesses based on this model.

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Wang and A. Wang , A. A considerable amount of research has been carried out to explore different areas in Cloud Computing.

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C loud computing occupies a unique spot in IT history. In its early incarnations, it was the latest in a series of new models for IT operations. Existing systems were migrated to cloud providers, and companies found benefits in cost and flexibility while working through issues around security and integration.

Font Size. User Username Password Remember me. Article Tools How to cite item. Abstract Big data is currently one of the most critical emerging technologies.

Cloud computing is a term that has gained widespread use over the last few years. With the exponential increase in data use that has accompanied society's transition into the digital 21st century, it is becoming more and more difficult for individuals and organizations to keep all of their vital information, programs, and systems up and running on in-house computer servers. The solution to this problem is one that has been around for nearly as long as the internet, but that has only recently gained widespread application for businesses. Cloud computing operates on a similar principle as web-based email clients, allowing users to access all of the features and files of the system without having to keep the bulk of that system on their own computers. In fact, most people already use a variety of cloud computing services without even realizing it.

Emerging Trends in Information Technology

Information technology has become an integral part of our daily life. Information technology has served as a big change agent in different aspect of business and society. It has proven game changer in resolving economic and social issues. Advancement and application of information technology are ever changing. Some of the trends in the information technology are as follows:. One of the most talked about concept in information technology is the cloud computing. Clouding computing is defined as utilization of computing services, i.

Cloud computing [1] is the on-demand availability of computer system resources , especially data storage cloud storage and computing power , without direct active management by the user. If the connection to the user is relatively close, it may be designated an edge server. Clouds may be limited to a single organization enterprise clouds [4] [5] , or be available to multiple organizations public cloud. Cloud computing relies on sharing of resources to achieve coherence and economies of scale.

Cloud computing established itself in as an essential platform for many businesses looking to build innovative services. However, there's still progress to be made before the operating systems on the cloud can truly be seen as a business-as-normal activity. Will we get to that point in ? Five experts give their views on the key cloud trends to look out for next year. Gregor Petri, research vice president at analyst Gartner, says that as we move more things to the cloud, we become more dependent on it -- and that will bring issues through and beyond. Petri says many executives take it for granted that they'll be locked into a vendor for a particular part of their functionality.


Cloud computing: business trends and technologies / Igor Faynberg, Hui-Lan Lu, Dor Skuler, Alacatel-Lucent. IT Industry Transformation through Virtualization and Cloud. 7. 16 philsandlin.org


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Cloud computing established itself in as an essential platform for many businesses looking to build innovative services. However, there's still progress to be made before the operating systems on the cloud can truly be seen as a business-as-normal activity. Will we get to that point in ? Five experts give their views on the key cloud trends to look out for next year. Gregor Petri, research vice president at analyst Gartner, says that as we move more things to the cloud, we become more dependent on it -- and that will bring issues through and beyond. Petri says many executives take it for granted that they'll be locked into a vendor for a particular part of their functionality.

Today, we can connect everything digitally to Cloud Computing. It provides a whole new world of jobs, applications, services, and platforms. We can see the future of Cloud computing as a combination of cloud-based software products and on-premises compute which will help to create hybrid IT solutions. The modified cloud is scalable and flexible, which will provide security and control over data center. One of the integral parts of cloud computing will be the organized process and a better way of processing data.

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