Count and noncount nouns explanation pdf

Posted on Friday, March 26, 2021 8:56:46 AM Posted by Alaor L. - 26.03.2021 and pdf, pdf 1 Comments

count and noncount nouns explanation pdf

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Count and noncount nouns vary from language to language. In some languages, there are no count nouns e.

Count noun

In linguistics , a count noun also countable noun is a noun that can be modified by a numeral and that occurs in both singular and plural forms, and that co-occurs with quantificational determiners like every , each , several , etc. A mass noun has none of these properties, because it cannot be modified by a numeral, cannot occur in plural, and cannot co-occur with quantificational determiners. Below are examples of all the properties of count nouns holding for the count noun chair , but not for the mass noun furniture.

Some determiners can be used with both mass and count nouns, including "some", "a lot of ", "no". Others cannot: "few" and "many" are used with count items, "little" and "much" with mass.

On the other hand, "fewer" is reserved for count and "less" for mass see Fewer vs. The concept of a "mass noun" is a grammatical concept and is not based on the innate nature of the object to which that noun refers.

For example, "seven chairs" and "some furniture" could refer to exactly the same objects, with "seven chairs" referring to them as a collection of individual objects but with "some furniture" referring to them as a single undifferentiated unit.

However, some abstract phenomena like "fun" and "hope" have properties which make it difficult to refer to them with a count noun. Classifiers are sometimes used as count nouns preceding mass nouns, in order to redirect the speaker's focus away from the mass nature.

For example, "There's some furniture in the room" can be restated, with a change of focus, to "There are some pieces of furniture in the room"; and "let's have some fun " can be refocused as "Let's have a bit of fun ". In English, some nouns are used most frequently as mass nouns, with or without a classifier as in "Waiter, I'll have some coffee " or "Waiter, I'll have a cup of coffee " , but also, less frequently, as count nouns as in "Waiter, we'll have three coffees.

Discussed by Barry Schein in , a new logical framework, called plural logic, has also been used for characterizing the semantics of count nouns and mass nouns. Some languages, such as Mandarin Chinese , treat all nouns as mass nouns, and need to make use of a noun classifier see Chinese classifier to add numerals and other quantifiers.

The following examples are of nouns which, while seemingly innately countable, are still treated as mass nouns:. A classifier, therefore, implies that the object s referred to are countable in the sense that the speaker intends them to be enumerated, rather than considered as a unit regardless of quantity. Notice that the classifier changes as the unit being counted changes. Words such as "milk" or "rice" are not so obviously countable entities, but they can be counted with an appropriate unit of measure in both English and Mandarin e.

The use of a classifier is similar to, but not identical with, the use of units of measurement to count groups of objects in English. For example, in "three shelves of books", "shelves" is used as a unit of measurement.

On the other hand, some languages like Turkish treats all the nouns, even the not so obviously countable entities as count nouns. Even then, it's possible to use units of measures with numbers in Turkish, even with the very obviously countable nouns.

Note that the Turkish nouns can't take a plural suffix after the numbers and the units of measure. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Noun or noun phrase whose quantity is discrete and usually an integer.

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Linguistics and Philosophy. Retrieved Lexical categories and their features. Casally modulated Inflected Stranded. Article Demonstrative Interrogative Possessive Quantifier. Discourse Interrogative Modal Noun Possessive. Categories : Nouns by type Grammatical number. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata Articles needing additional references from September All articles needing additional references.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Singulative-Collective-Plurative Specificity Universal grinder. Look up count noun in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Common Uncountable Nouns: Word List

See comments. Today we are going to talk about the difference between count and noncount nouns. Most nouns in English can be counted. But a shirt is part of a larger category: clothing. You cannot use a, an , or a number before a noncount noun.

In linguistics , a count noun also countable noun is a noun that can be modified by a numeral and that occurs in both singular and plural forms, and that co-occurs with quantificational determiners like every , each , several , etc. A mass noun has none of these properties, because it cannot be modified by a numeral, cannot occur in plural, and cannot co-occur with quantificational determiners. Below are examples of all the properties of count nouns holding for the count noun chair , but not for the mass noun furniture. Some determiners can be used with both mass and count nouns, including "some", "a lot of ", "no". Others cannot: "few" and "many" are used with count items, "little" and "much" with mass. On the other hand, "fewer" is reserved for count and "less" for mass see Fewer vs. The concept of a "mass noun" is a grammatical concept and is not based on the innate nature of the object to which that noun refers.

Grammar: Count and Noncount Nouns

Create new collection. Save Sky 6. Some nouns can be both countable and uncountable such as "fish" because it can mean the meat of the fish or an individual fish. Countable and uncountable nouns - A lot of, much or

Exercise on countable and uncountable nouns in English - Online Solutions. Read the explanation to learn more. Answers to Countable and Uncountable Nouns Exercise 1 1.

COUNT & NON COUNT NOUNS: Rules of Identifying and Using Them

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Skip to main content. I'm making a cup of tea. There's some money on the table. Have we got any bread? How many chairs do we need? How much milk have we got? Countable and uncountable nouns 1: Grammar test 1.

Но их пальцы не встретились. Из темноты раздался протяжный вопль, и тут же, словно из-под земли, выросла громадная фигура, эдакий грузовик, несущийся на полной скорости с выключенными фарами. Секундой позже произошло столкновение, и Стратмор, сбитый с ног, кубарем покатился по кафельному полу шифровалки. Это был Хейл, примчавшийся на звук пейджера. Сьюзан услышала стук беретты, выпавшей из руки Стратмора. На мгновение она словно приросла к месту, не зная, куда бежать и что делать. Интуиция подсказывала ей спасаться бегством, но у нее не было пароля от двери лифта.

Мы скажем миру, что у АНБ есть компьютер, способный взломать любой код, кроме Цифровой крепости, - И все бросятся доставать Цифровую крепость… не зная, что для нас это пройденный этап.

COMMENT 1

  • Count nouns refer to a singular entity. Noncount nouns refer to either an undifferentiated mass or an abstract idea that, as the name implies, cannot be counted. Alina C. - 28.03.2021 at 12:28

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